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Vendors of cooked food, however, are traditional, and continue to do good business in Middle Eastern cities. How Erdogan’s authoritarianism has damaged Turkey’s appeal and influence. The earliest civilizations with large population centers developed near abundant sources of water and agricultural land, rather than in areas of other valuable raw materials, like metals, semi-precious stones, building stone, or timber. This is subtlety expressed in the formula of the ‘liberal democracy and free markets’ equation so often repeated in the policy prescriptions of western based think tanks. [9] There is a push for the continuation of neoliberal economic reforms, particularly in the calls for privatization of state industries. [10] However, there is more than a hint of historical echo in the call for the linking of democratization with the freeing of markets; recall the image of the now infamous ‘shock therapy’ perpetuated on Russian society after the fall of the USSR during the 1990s. [11] Richard Seymour argues that any rush, on the part of new regimes in the region, to such a path would be wise to resist these pressures given the eventual outcome of the Russian example: reversion to authoritarianism and the persistence of ‘corruption’.

Pages: 280

Publisher: Newmark Press; 4th edition (October 1, 1998)

ISBN: 0966745108

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